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Kilometer Zero markers and landmarks within the Philippines – Journey Up

We’ve all received to begin from Zero. 

Generally, a go to to 1 landmark can spur you to get out of the home and offer you a motive to journey someplace. Should you observe this weblog, you realize that I like to gather random issues or go to particular reference factors throughout highway journeys. One new journey quest I need to do sooner or later is to loop a few of the many islands within the Philippines by motorbike (the bigger ones) or by bike (the smaller ones). And the most effective place to begin in every island could be the Kilometer Zero markers on the highway.

*New Sidequest unlocked*

In lots of international locations all over the world, Kilometer Zero or KM 0 refers to a specific location (normally within the nation’s capital metropolis) from which distances are historically measured. The coordinates are additionally used for measuring distances between totally different international locations all over the world.

Within the Philippines, the Kilometer Zero marker in Luneta throughout Rizal Park within the nation’s capital Manila is the principle level of reference. It serves because the nation’s place to begin when measuring the space going to the totally different provinces and cities in Luzon Island and the remainder of the Philippines alongside the Pan-Philippine Freeway.

However apart from this, different main islands within the nation like Panay Island, Negros Island, Mindoro and smaller island provinces have their very own Kilometer Zero markers. I beforehand visited the one in Marawi Metropolis in Lanao del Sur, the unique reference level for all roads in Mindanao throughout my quest to go to the 82 provinces of the Philippines.

After biking to the KM 0 marker in Manila throughout Holy Week, I received sucked right into a rabbit gap of analysis on the subject of those landmarks. Whereas I by no means actually sought out the precise markers throughout earlier journeys, apparently I’ve been to most of them. I realized from this fascinating article by Penfires (who wrote extensively concerning the matter) that KM Zero markers are centrally positioned in or close to Provincial Capitol grounds.

Whereas scouring GoogleMaps, I additionally discovered that the majority others are positioned close to municipal halls, ports, city facilities, or main highway junctions. Some are simply easy yellow posts, whereas different have extra fascinating designs and are thought of historic landmarks. For vacationers, these might be good beginning factors for future journeys.

TRIVIA: Do you know that earlier than World Conflict II, the Philippines solely had one Kilometer Zero, and it wasn’t in Luneta. Initially, the cross atop the central dome of the Manila Cathedral served as the first reference level. It was moved by the Individuals to its present location upon the completion of the beautification of Bagumbayan someday within the early twentieth century. (Supply: Filipiknow).

Completely different Kilometer posts have been established when the Pan-Philippine Freeway was accomplished. Based on Government Order No. 487 handed in 1977, the Rizal Monument on the Rizal Park in Manila will stay as Km. 0+000 for Luzon. The order indicated the placement for Kilometer Zero stations in Manila, Panay Island, Negros, and Mindoro stating that: “For all different island provinces, Km. 0+000 shall be in entrance of the Provincial Capitol Constructing within the provincial capital of the province.”

Infographic from CivilEngineeringMag.com

These are small yellow posts with the numbers positioned alongside fundamental roads, particularly within the province. These let you know how far you might be from the KM 0 marker in Luneta and the space to the subsequent city or metropolis. Again when there was no GPS, vacationers would use these for navigation throughout lengthy drives.

I’ve compiled the precise location for the KM 0 markers for the biggest islands and island provinces in thecountry with Google Maps embedded for individuals who prefer to seek out this kind of factor throughout rides. 

For reference, the ten largest islands of the Philippines are: Luzon, Mindanao, Samar, Negros, Palawan, Panay, Mindoro, Leyte, Cebu and Bohol. Take a look at this superior infographic map of 100 of 7641 islands within the Philippines by Mapmaker David Garcia to get an concept of how massive every island is.

Map by Mapmaker David Garcia.

Luzon is the biggest and most populous island within the Philippines. Yow will discover the Kilometer Zero marker for the entire island of Luzon within the nation’s capital Manila. It’s positioned alongside Roxas Boulevard in Ermita straight throughout from the purpose the place Philippine independence was proclaimed in 1946 earlier than the Rizal Monument.

It is a small marble pylon with a picture of the Philippines and the letters KM 0 to point the reference level when measuring the space to different provinces on Luzon island and the remainder of the nation. It’s a preferred photograph op spot for pedestrians and cyclists, because it’s close to the bike lane.

Mindanao is the second-largest island within the Philippines, positioned within the southern area of the archipelago. The KM 0 marker for Mindanao could be present in Marawi Metropolis, Lanao del Sur. The colourful marker adorned with okir patterns is the “Unique Reference Level of all roads in Mindanao.” Yow will discover this by the Lanao Individuals’s Park close to the Nationwide Freeway. I like the design of this one!

Samar Island is the third-largest island within the nation and is made up of three provinces, specifically Northern Samar, (Western) Samar, and Japanese Samar. The KM 0 marker for the entire Samar Island could be discovered close to the Samar Provincial Capitol Constructing in Catbalogan Metropolis.

For some motive, Negros Occidental and Negros Oriental each have Kilometer Zero markers although they’re each positioned on the identical island – Negros Island. There’s a easy yellow highway marker in entrance of the Negros Occidental Provincial Capitol in Bacolod Metropolis close to the Capitol Park and Lagoon.

The KM 0 marker in Negros Oriental could be discovered subsequent to the Ninoy Aquino Freedom Park alongside the Capitol Freeway in Dumaguete Metropolis. This one is a contemporary avenue signal as an alternative of the standard yellow highway marker.

Picture from Google Avenue View

Palawan’s KM 0 marker could be discovered alongside a busy intersection of Rizal Avenue (the principle avenue) and Fernandez Avenue in Puerto Princesa. The realm is known as Junction 1 by locals and tricycle drivers. Because it’s onerous to take a photograph of the particular marker in the course of the road due to the site visitors, the Palawan Provincial Capitol is one other close by landmark you could possibly go to.

Picture by Patrickroque01/Wikimedia Commons

Panay Island is the sixth-largest island within the nation and consists of 4 provinces: Aklan, Vintage, Capiz, and Iloilo. The Arroyo Fountain, a distinguished landmark in Iloilo Metropolis present in entrance of the outdated Iloilo Provincial Capitol or “Casa Actual” serves because the Kilometer Zero marker for the whole Panay Island.

Picture by Patrickroque01/Wikimedia Commons

This KM 0 fountain is the benchmark used to measure distances from Iloilo Metropolis to different factors in Panay Island. The historic fountain in the course of a rotunda options 4 maidens carrying a basin going through 4 instructions of North-South-West-East.

The KM 0 for Mindoro Island could be discovered proper exterior the Calapan Port in Oriental Mindoro. It’s a small yellow highway marker proper exterior the port’s gate.

Picture from Go to Calapan

Most individuals who go to Leyte normally go to the MacArthur touchdown or San Juanico bridge for photograph ops. Leyte Island’s KM 0 marker is a small yellow obelisk alongside the highway close to the Provincial Capitol grounds in Tacloban Metropolis. One facet bears the standard numbers, whereas one facet reads: “All kilometerage within the island of Leyte and within the cities of Tacloban and Ormoc are reckoned from this Kilometer Publish.” This one appears cool and straightforward to take a photograph of with a motorcycle or motorbike with the capitol within the background.

Picture from Google Avenue View

Cebu Island’s KM 0 could be discovered on the finish of Osmeña Boulevard, a significant thoroughfare in Cebu Metropolis proper in entrance of the Provincial Capitol grounds. The KM 0 marker is true in entrance of the flagpole.

Picture from Google Avenue View

Bohol’s KM 0 could be discovered on the Capitol Constructing of Bohol in Tagbilaran Metropolis. In contrast to different highway markers, the KM 0 marker is printed on a plate and embedded into one of many columns of the white constructing itself, which makes it distinctive.

Picture from Google Avenue View

I really biked previous this throughout a Panglao bike loop, however I didn’t discover the marker. The constructing is similar place the place the Nationwide Museum of Bohol is positioned. Guess I’ve a motive to return.

  • Basilan – Basilan Provincial Capitol Grounds, Isabela Metropolis, Basilan
  • Batanes – The three islands of Batanes have their very own KM 0 markers. The one in Batan Island is positioned within the Basco Municipal Corridor Space. The one in Sabtang Island is alongside the Nationwide Street close to the port and San Vicente Ferrer church. The one in Itbayat is within the Municipal Grandstand and park.
  • Biliran – Biliran Municipal Corridor
  • Camiguin – Easy highway marker alongside the Camiguin Circumferential Rd in Mambajao. It’s alongside the highway close to the Camiguin signage by the Municipal Tourism Workplace.
  • Catanduanes – In entrance of Catanduanes Provincial Capitol, Virac
  • Dinagat – Close to the Municipal Corridor and port, Dinagat Island
  • Guimaras – Guimaras Provincial Capitol Grounds, Jordan
  • Marinduque Boac Provincial Capitol Grounds
  • Masbate – In entrance of the Masbate Metropolis Corridor
  • Siquijor – At an intersection of the Siquijor Circumferential Street close to the Siquijor Pier
  • Sulu – Sulu Provincial Capitol, Jolo
  • Tawi-Tawi – Tawi-Tawi Provincial Capitol, Bongao

Bataan additionally has a Zero Kilometer Demise March marker, indicating the start line of the Bataan Demise March in Bagac in 1942, whereas an analogous marker could be discovered within the free port city of Mariveles.

Baguio Metropolis additionally has a KM 0 marker in a really busy a part of the town, which serves as a reference level ranging from Baguio Metropolis. The intersection generally known as Plaza Backyard is positioned proper in entrance of Maharlika Constructing the place Harrison avenue and decrease session highway meet. The Plaza Backyard is close to Burnham Park.

Whew. That’s plenty of Kilometer Zeros to seek out! Hope you discover this submit informative.